Mongolia

Overview

Country Mongolia Capital : Ulan Bator

Mongolia’s land area is roughly equivalent to that of the countries of western and central Europe. It has a population of over 3 million.

Around three-fourths of Mongolia’s area consists of pasturelands, which support the immense herds of grazing livestock. The remaining area is divided between forests and barren deserts, with only a tiny fraction of the land under crops.

Livestock raising, based on millions of head of sheep, goats, cattle, horses and camels, accounts for some four-fifths of the value of agricultural production. Only roughly 1% of Mongolia’s land area is used to grow crops, three-fourths of which is sown with grains—primarily spring wheat but with some barley and oats—and the rest with potatoes, fodder crops and vegetables such as cabbage and carrots.

95-99% of the food energy consumed in Mongolia comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 2 projects in Mongolia

  1. Barley: The Crop Trust supported the Plant Science Agricultural Research Training Institute (PSARTI) to regenerate and characterize 320 barley accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 148 accessions are safety duplicated at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) and a further 160 at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault.
  2. Wheat: The Crop Trust supported the Plant Science Agricultural Research Training Institute (PSARTI) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicat 343 wheat accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.