Mozambique has a population of over around 26 million.
Agriculture employs about four-fifths of the country’s workforce, but only constitutes about one-fifth of Mozambique’s GDP.
The two staple crops of corn (maize)—in which Mozambique was self-sufficient by 1997—and cassava, as well as beans, rice and a variety of vegetables and oilseeds such as peanuts (groundnuts), sesame and sunflowers. Plantation crops developed during the colonial era such as sugar, tea, copra and sisal, are still produced by private plantations, state farms, government-sponsored cooperatives, and communal villages.
86-94% of the food energy consumed in Mozambique comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.