Niger

Overview

Country Niger Capital : Niamey

Niger has a population of over 18.6 million.

Agriculture is the largest sector of Niger’s economy in terms of the number of persons employed and the percentage of gross national product (GNP). Millet and sorghum, the main food crops, are grown in the south, as are cassava and sugarcane. Rice is grown in the Niger River valley. Peanuts are the most important cash crop; other important crops include cotton and pulses.

13-27% of the food energy consumed in Niger comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 5 projects in Niger

  1. Bambara Groundnut: The Crop Trust supported the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN) to regenerate and safety duplicate 74 bambara groundnuts with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  2. Millets: The Crop Trust supported the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) who worked with the Institut d’Economie Rurale (IER) in Mali and the Lake Chad Research Institute in Nigeria to characterize and evaluate 155 accessions of pearl millet for three traits in three contrasting locations with the aim of identifying important sources of genes and integrating the material into breeding programs.
  3. Millets: The Crop Trust provided support for the Institut National Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN), which collaborated with the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) to characterize and evaluate 780 pearl millet accessions for resistance to pests and diseases and tolerance to drought with the aim of identifying important sources of genes and making them available to breeding programs
  4. Millets: The Crop Trust provided support for the Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques du Niger (INRAN) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 197 pearl millet accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  5. Sorghum: The Crop Trust provided support for the Institut National Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN) that worked in collaboration with the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) to evaluate 1152 sorghum accessions for resistance to pests and diseases and tolerance to drought with the objective of identifying potential sources of resistant genes and making them available to breeding programs for use in breeding resistant and tolerant varieties.