Pakistan

Overview

Country Pakistan Capital : Islamabad

Pakistan has the highest population growth in the world, with a population of around 202 million.

The economy used to be primarily agricultural at the time of independence but has become considerably diversified. Agriculture is no longer the largest sector, although it contributes roughly one-fifth of GDP. Manufacturing provides about one-sixth. Approximately one-fourth of Pakistan is arable land, although only small fractions of that are in permanent crops (about 1%) or permanent pastures (6%).

Rice is the a major food staple and one of the country’s important export crops. Other crops include sugarcane, chickpeas, pearl millet (bajra), corn (maize), rapeseed and mustard, as well as a variety of garden crops, including onions, peppers and potatoes.

33-41% of the food energy consumed in Nepal comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 6 projects in Pakistan

  1. Chickpea: The Crop Trust supported the Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) to evaluate indigenous chickpea for traits of economic importance for farmers with the objective of making material identified as promising to plant breeders for use in crop improvement programs.
  2. Chickpea: The Crop Trust provided support to the Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC), to regenerate and characterize 530 chickpea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 324 accessions are safety duplicated in Pakistan.
  3. Grasspea: The Crop Trust provided support to the Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 40 grass pea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  4. Lentil: The Crop Trust provided support for the Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 470 lentil accessions.
  5. Rice: The Crop Trust provided support for the Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) to regenerate and characterize 1320 rice accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 367 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and 867 in Svalbard Global Seed Vault.
  6. Wheat: The Crop Trust supported the Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) to evaluate indigenous wheat germplasm for traits of economic importance to farmers with the objective of making material identified as promising to plant breeders for use in their crop improvement programs.