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Peru

Overview

Country Peru Capital : Lima

Peru has a population of 30 million people. Constituting one of the world’s mega biodiverse countries, it is largely divided into the western coastline (partly Atacama Desert), the Andean mountains and the rainforest in the East. Traditionally, the primary economic activity in Peru was agriculture, although the importance of this sector to the national economy has declined. Today, the share of agriculture in GDP is still large at 7%. A whopping 25% of Peru’s working population is employed in the agriculture sector.

Although ambitious development plans have been designed to improve output, the scarcity of arable land is an extremely limiting factor in Peru to national agriculture. Top agricultural products are potatoes, rice and plantains. In order to feed its population, Peru imports large amounts of grain (particularly wheat, rice, and maize), soy, vegetable oils, and dairy products. In fact, 80-93% of the food energy consumed in Peru comes from crops that are not native to the region. Peru is therefore dependent on other areas of the world to ensure that the cost of importing food does not rise drastically. Moreover, relying on other country’s crop diversity it is of vivid interest to Peru to work to towards a food secure world.

Ensuring that notable imports such as maize and wheat are able to adapt to the challenges that agriculture faces today and tomorrow is of the utmost importance, not only to Peru, but also the world.

Peru signed the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2002, joining 134 other contracting parties in commitment to the global system for the conservation of crop diversity.

 

Data: FAOSTAT, CIA Factbook, World Bank, National Geographic

The Crop Trust has supported 7 projects in Peru

  1. Beans: The Crop Trust provided support to the Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria (INIA) to regenerate and characterize 1,619 common bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  2. Cassava: The Crop Trust provided support for the Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria (INIA) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 1560 cassava accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 504 accessions are safety duplicated in International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).
  3. Faba Bean: The Crop Trust provided support to the Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria (INIA) to regenerate and characterize 250 faba bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  4. Maize: The Crop Trust provided support to the Universidad Nacional Agraria, La Molina to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 1302 maize accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. 673 of these accessions are duplicated in the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT).
  5. Potato: The International Potato Center (CIP) worked with partners in the LatinPapa Network, in particular Ecuador (INIAP) and Chile (INIA) to make and evaluate reciprocal crosses between the highland and lowland potato genepools, which have complementary adaptive and resistance traits, in order to develop breeding lines with increased frequency of desirable genes for use in developing early maturity cultivars with improved resistance to major diseases, and which are better suited to climate change and market forces.
  6. Sweet Potato: The Crop Trust supported the International Potato Center (CIP) that worked with the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KULeuven), Belgium to develop a protocol for the cryopreservation of sweet potato that will allow the routine, large-scale application of cryopreservation for long-term conservation of any sweet potato collection.
  7. Sweet Potato: The Crop Trust supported International Potato Center (CIP) in its work with The Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Argentina to carry out in vitro and field screening of sweet potato for salinity tolerance with the aim of identifying promising material and making them available for use by breeding programs and farmers.