Russia

Overview

Country Russia Capital : Moscow

Russia has a population of over 142 million.

Agricultural land constitutes less than one-sixth of the country’s territory, and less than one-tenth of the total land area is arable. This is due to the harshness of the Russian environment is reflected in the small proportion of land that is used for farming. The agricultural sector employs about one-eighth of the total labour force.

23-33% of the food energy consumed in Russia comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet

The Crop Trust has supported 11 projects in Russia

  1. Barley: The N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry (VIR) received funding from the Crop Trust to regenerate 700 barley accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. All accessions are safety duplicated at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault and 494 at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
  2. Beans: The Crop Trust provided support to the N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry (VIR) to regenerate 350 common bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 236 accessions are safety duplicated at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
  3. ChickpeaThe Crop Trust provided support to the N.I. Vavilov Research Institute for Plant Industry (VIR) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 50 chickpea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  4. Cowpea: The Crop Trust provided support to the N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry (VIR) to regenerate 150 cowpea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  5. Faba Bean: The Crop Trust provided support to the N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry (VIR) to regenerate and characterize 300 faba bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  6. Grasspea: The Crop Trust supported the N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 114 grass pea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  7. Lentil: The Crop Trust provided support to the N.I. Vavilov Research Institute (VIR) to regenerate 100 lentil accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  8. Maize: The Crop Trust supported the N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry to regenerate and safety duplicate in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault 1,000 maize accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  9. Potato: The N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate 380 potato accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. All accessions are safety duplicated in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault.
  10. Sorghum: The N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate 400 sorghum accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  11. Wheat: The Crop Trust supported the N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry to regenerate 994 wheat accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. All accessions are safety duplicated in Svalbard Global Seed Vault and 551 in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).