Rwanda

Overview

Country Rwanda Capital : Kigali

Rwanda, often referred to as “land of a thousand hills”, has a population of over 12.9 million.

The country’s economy is overwhelmingly agricultural, with the majority of the workforce engaged in agricultural pursuits. Beans, sorghum and corn are harvested seasonally at the onset of the two dry seasons. However, bananas, sweet potatoes and cassava can be grown and harvested throughout the year.

Arabica coffee (first introduced by European missionaries), tea, tobacco, and pyrethrum (a flower used to create the non-synthetic pesticide pyrethrin) are important cash crops, with coffee constituting the prime export.

80-94% of the food energy consumed in Rwanda comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 3 projects in Rwanda

  1. Beans: The Crop Trust supported the Institut des sciences agronomiques du Rwanda (ISAR) to regenerate and characterize 90 common bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  2. Sorghum: The Crop Trust supported the Institut des Sciences Agronomiques du Rwanda (ISAR) to regenerate and characterize 139 sorghum accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  3. Sweet Potato: The Crop Trust supported the Institut des sciences agronomiques du Rwanda (ISAR) to regenerate and characterize 123 sweet potato accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.