Sweden has a population of around 10 million people. Sweden is one of Europe’s smaller markets for agricultural goods. Of the country’s total supply of food and beverages, about 80 percent is produced domestically while imports account for 20 percent. However, for fresh fruit and vegetables, the import share is substantially higher, over 70 percent. In Sweden as a whole, animal agriculture is more significant than cereal farming.
Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: sugar beet, wheat, maize, carrot and potato.
88-99% of the food energy consumed in Sweden comes from crops that are not native to the region.
Sweden signed and officially accepted the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2005, joining 142 other contracting parties in commitment to a global system. Additionally, Sweden has contributed USD 12,324,716 to the Crop Trust, of which USD 11,886,620 was to the Endowment Fund.