Vietnam

Overview

Country Vietnam Capital : Hanoi

Vietnam has a population of around 92.7 million. It benefits from the development of tourism as its long coastline provides excellent harbors, access to marine resources, and many attractive beaches and areas of scenic beauty.

Agriculture is fading as the most important economic sector in Vietnam. But it remains the main source of raw materials for the processing industries and a major contributor to exports. Rice is the most important crop and is grown principally in the Red and Mekong river deltas. Other major food crops are sugarcane, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), sweet potatoes, and nuts.

13-19% of the food energy consumed in Vietnam comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 5 projects in Vietnam

  1. Aroids: The Crop Trust supported the Vietnam Agricultural Sciences Institute to regenerate and characterize 180 aroid accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 46 accessions are safety duplicated in the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC).
  2. Banana: The Fruit and Vegetable Research Institute (FAVRI) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 122 banana accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. 39 are safety duplicated in Bioversity International.
  3. Rice: The Field Crops Research Institute (FCRI) received support from the Crop Trust to evaluate 200 rice accessions for tolerance to drought, salinity, pests and diseases, as well as analyzing grain quality characteristics. All germplasm identified as potential sources of resistance and tolerant genes were made available for distribution for use in breeding.
  4. Rice: The Vietnamese Agricultural Sciences Institute received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 1872 rice accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 2000 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI).
  5. Yam: The Vietnam Agricultural Sciences Institute regenerated and characterized 230 yam accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 43 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA).