The flood plains around Ambatondrazaka have been a rice granary for centuries. Asian rice arrived more than 2,000 years ago, carried across the Indian Ocean on its first known trip out of Asia. This long history of cultivation in Madagascar’s many different environments has made the island’s rice just as unique as its people, cultures, and ecosystems. It is now recognized as one of the world’s two major secondary centers of rice diversity.

Conservation Strategies

The Crop Trust has worked with the world's crop leaders to develop global conservation strategies.

Global crop conservation strategies are opportunities to review the history of crop collections, a periodic assessments of the challenges that crops and their genetic resources face.

Collections of genetic resources are key mechanism for reducing crop vulnerability resulting from genetic erosion and uniformity, and for supplying crop breeding and research programs with novel traits and underlying genes to satisfy evolving demands. Thus an updated status of the conservation of major collection, the information system, availability, accessibility, distribution is important for the strategy development. An assessment at a global level of the significant gaps in collections and their links to in situ conservation is also important. All this should be input to the development of a global system to insure the secure, rational, cost-efficient, long-term conservation of the crop and its wild relatives. There is a need to identify and prioritize actions that will be needed by the crop community to facilitate the development of this global system.

The Crop Trust has facilitated the development of 21 crop conservation strategies and 8 regional strategies.