Iran

Overview

Country Iran Capital : Tehran

Iran has a population of over 82.8 million.

Roughly one-third of Iran’s total surface area is arable farmland but only one-tenth of the total land area is under cultivation.

Iran benefits from the wide range of temperature fluctuation in different parts of the country and the multiplicity of climatic zones as it makes it possible to cultivate a diverse variety of crops, including cereals (wheat, barley, rice and corn [maize]), fruits (dates, figs, pomegranates, melons and grapes), vegetables, cotton, sugar beets and sugarcane, nuts, olives, spices, tea, tobacco and medicinal herbs.

91-98% of the food energy consumed in Iran comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 2 projects in Iran

  1. Barley: The Centre for Sustainable Development (CENESTA) in collaboration with the Iranian genebank and the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) characterized and evaluated 160 barley accessions in their own field and management conditions. The project was aimed at integrating farmers’ characterization and evaluation data, of important germplasm collections with already existing information to enable the identification of more appropriate germplasm for use by farmers and breeders in developing varieties adapted to climate change.
  2. Wheat: The Centre for Sustainable Development (CENESTA), through a farmer’s group and in collaboration with the Iranian genebank and ICARDA characterized and evaluated 160 wheat accessions for a number of agro-mophorlogical characters in their own field and management conditions. The project was aimed at integrating farmers’ characterization and evaluation data of important germplasm collections with already existing information and help to identify more appropriate germplasm for use by farmers and breeders in developing varieties adapted to climate change.