Iran has a population of over 82.8 million.
Roughly one-third of Iran’s total surface area is arable farmland but only one-tenth of the total land area is under cultivation.
Iran benefits from the wide range of temperature fluctuation in different parts of the country and the multiplicity of climatic zones as it makes it possible to cultivate a diverse variety of crops, including cereals (wheat, barley, rice and corn [maize]), fruits (dates, figs, pomegranates, melons and grapes), vegetables, cotton, sugar beets and sugarcane, nuts, olives, spices, tea, tobacco and medicinal herbs.
91-98% of the food energy consumed in Iran comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.